Burkina Faso is one of the 48 landlocked countries of the world. It is surrounded by six countries on all its sides, with no part of the country touching any sea or ocean (hence the term “landlocked”). Its friendly and calm environment provides a wonderful opportunity for the travellers to explore West Africa’s rich culture and music. The majority of the population practices Islam, with some following the Christianity and a few following the traditional beliefs. The total area of this country is 105,869 sq miles, with the estimated population of 15,930,977.
It was initially called The Republic of Upper Volta but was renamed in 1984 to a more emphatic name, which represented the people better. The history of Burkina Faso started somewhere between 14000 B.C. and 5000 B.C. but after being properly established by the Mossi Kingdoms, it became a part of France in the 19th century (1896) and was often called as French Upper Volta. It however, gained independence in 1960. Since then there have been several coups, and things stabilized with the coalition government in early 1990’s.
Geography, Topography & Climate
As Burkina Faso is landlocked, there are no large water bodies or the beaches. The six countries that surround Burkina Faso are Mali, Niger, Benin, Togo, Ghana and Côte d’Ivoire. A large portion of the country is countryside and major part of the country forms a low-relief plain which makes a surging landscape. There are also some lonely hills as well. The rest forms the landscape covered with considerable vegetation. The climate is tropical in Burkina Faso. It got its former name “Upper Volta” because of the three rivers viz: Black Volta, Red Volta and White Volta, which pass through it.
Since a majority of the population is Muslims so the culture shows the impact of the Islam and its teachings. The decency in is given a high value here. These are well supported by the second largest religion, Christianity. The culture shows a clear impact of the colonist and even the cinema here is still influenced by the colonial occupation of France. The literature here has mainly been based on the oral; literature. Though there have been attempts to put these to write but the reliability on heard off things is difficult.
Burkina Faso shows cultural variation because of the impact of colonial occupation, with slaves from some countries mixing with the natives here. France also played a crucial role in creating a cultural variation in Burkina Faso. This is still evident though efforts are on to create a distinct identity like in case of cinema. From the western style, mainly influenced by France, there has a great shift in the cinema and is more dedicated towards educating the countryside population.
People don’t usually venture out much during the night, especially during the night, especially in the rural areas. The night life at Burkina Faso is restricted to major cities, that too where there is a huge tourist influx.
Economic condition and the development
This is one of the poorest countries of the world. The population density is also very high in Burkina Faso. Although there has been some improvement particularly in the last decade, with government reforming and better import and export plans but still poverty remains a persistent concern. The farming forms the livelihood of around 90 pc of the population. The bigger concern is the dysfunctional government companies. The currency of Burkina Faso is CFA Franc.
The major Burkina Faso tourist attractions and the places interest are Ouagadougou, Banfora, Dédougou, Gaoua (Heritage site), Koudougou, Ouahigouya, Bobo-Dioulasso etc. Apart from these prominent cities, the other tourist attractions include Kabore Tembi National Park, Arli National Park and W National Park.
Ouagadougou is the capital of Burkina Faso and provides the visitors with a lot of facilities. There are several Burkina Faso Hotels here. Most of these hotels offer huge options in terms of the space and price. Some of these hotels Ouagadougou are really cozy and luxurious to stay in. The capital city also offers one to see the Village Artisanal, which is a place where the craftsman could be seen working.
There is also a museum called Musee de Manega, which means “museum of Manega”. This too attracts a lot of people from several parts of the world. This museum gains importance because of the 17th century items which are on display there. When you are there don’t miss to visit Karfiguela Waterfalls, which are a treat to watch. These are just 15km from the Banfora.